Demystifying Forex Pips: A Beginner’s Guide to Trading


One term you’ll frequently hear in Forex trading is ‘pip.’ A ‘pip’ stands as the smallest unit of measurement used to express the change in value between two currencies. For instance, if the EUR/USD pair moves from 1.1050 to 1.1051, that .0001 USD increase in value is what we call a single pip.

image explaining where the pip value is in forex trading.width 731.format jpeg

Typically, a pip is the last decimal place of a price quote, most commonly the fourth decimal place for the majority of currency pairs. However, some exceptions exist like Japanese yen pairs, where the pip is the second decimal place.

Interestingly, some brokers quote currency pairs beyond the standard four decimal places and use the term ‘pipette,’ representing a tenth of a pip.

usdeur pip and pipette location example.width 1000.format jpeg

Now, you may wonder about the monetary value of a pip. It relies heavily on both the currency pair you’re trading and the amount of currency you’re trading (i.e., the position size). Let’s consider the currency pair USD/CAD = 1.0200 as an example.

If you’re trading 10,000 units of this pair, a one pip change in the exchange rate would equate to approximately a 0.98 USD change in your position value.

But there’s a catch!

While it might sound a bit complex, don’t fret! Most Forex brokers automatically calculate these for you. Nevertheless, understanding pips and their value in Forex trading is indispensable knowledge for all Forex traders. This comprehension of pips will aid in your journey to becoming a more informed and, hopefully, more successful Forex trader.

You may need to convert this pip value into the currency that your trading account is denominated in. This conversion can be done by either multiplying or dividing the pip value you found by the exchange rate of your account currency and the currency you’re examining.

And remember, in the words of a wise Forex trader, “A picture is worth a thousand pips!”

usdjpy pip movement example

Trading doesn’t just reveal your character, it also builds it if you stay in the game long enough.

Yvan Byeajee


Understanding the concept of pips and how they affect your trading decisions is fundamental to your journey as a Forex trader. The small, seemingly insignificant numbers actually hold the key to calculating your potential profits and losses. As we’ve explored, understanding pips can lead to more informed trading decisions and a deeper comprehension of the Forex market’s intricate mechanics.

Remember, practice makes perfect. Applying these concepts to your trading strategy is the next step towards becoming proficient in Forex trading. Always ensure you’re confident with pip calculations and their impact on your trades before diving in.

At FXGlobe, we’re committed to empowering traders with the knowledge and resources they need to succeed. Our platform offers a range of tools designed to enhance your trading strategy, including advanced charting capabilities and a user-friendly interface. Whether you’re a beginner just starting your journey, or an experienced trader looking to refine your strategy, we’re here to support you.

I have also written a market review section that could be included.

Fundamental outcomes of the last week

Global Inflation and Market Performance:

The week behind us has been characterized by several significant events and shifts in the global financial arena. First and foremost, inflation in the G7 nations continues to cool off. This deceleration has been a substantial talking point, affecting a wide range of financial markets and instruments, from currencies to commodities.

Broadly speaking, the global markets finished on a high note, with indices climbing across the board. This buoyancy is a strong indicator of the prevailing bullish sentiment, hinting that traders remain confident in the face of varying market conditions.

Currency and Commodities Updates:

On the currency front, the USD displayed more of a range-bound behaviour, as opposed to trending. This oscillating pattern suggests that traders should brace themselves for shorter moves and more frequent reversals in the near future.

In the commodities sector, Crude Oils seem to be playing a game of ping-pong, swinging between major levels within their own range. Interestingly, this is happening even as the link between energy consumption and the ongoing war in Ukraine becomes more tenuous.

As for the precious metals, Gold and Silver continue their slow descent. It won’t come as a surprise if Gold tests the 1,900 mark again, given the current trajectory.

Cryptocurrency Corner:

In the world of cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin and Ethereum show no signs of slowing down, continually testing new highs. The upcoming week could potentially see these digital currencies shattering their previous records.

The Week Ahead

Upcoming Week Expectations:

While the previous week gave us quite a bit to digest, the upcoming week also promises to be filled with important events. Notably, the FOMC meeting is on the docket for Wednesday night. Despite the importance of these meetings, no rate changes are expected this time around.

Nevertheless, traders will be keenly watching for any hints or indications regarding future monetary policy shifts.

However, the major volatility-inducing events are expected to occur later in the week. For those who prefer to stay on the safe side, it’s important to be aware that we may see heightened market fluctuations during the release of U.S. ADP and Unemployment data on Thursday.

But the real showstopper is expected to be Friday’s Non-Farm Payroll numbers out of the U.S., often referred to as the “Big Kahuna” of economic data.

These job numbers have the potential to significantly move the markets and should certainly be on every trader’s radar. As always, it’s crucial to prepare your trading strategy to adapt to these market conditions and potential volatility.


FXGlobe is a global financial trading company that offers a wide range of trading products and services to traders of all experience levels. With its headquarters in Vanuatu. FXGlobe is a truly international company that caters to traders from all over the world.

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